Baklava is a rich, flaky pastry filled with nuts and sweetened with syrup. It is a popular dessert in Turkey, Greece, and the Middle East, and is often served during special occasions. Baklava can be made with a variety of nuts, including pistachios, walnuts, and almonds. The phyllo dough is brushed with butter and layered in a pan, and the nuts are sprinkled in between the layers. The baklava is then baked until golden brown and soaked in a syrup made from sugar, water, and lemon juice.

History

Baklava is a centuries-old dessert that is thought to have originated in ancient Greece. The first recorded recipe for baklava dates back to the 1st century BC. Baklava was a popular dessert among the Byzantine Greeks, and it was later adopted by the Ottoman Turks. Baklava spread throughout the Middle East and North Africa during the Ottoman Empire.

Ingredients

  • 1 package (1 pound) phyllo dough, thawed
  • 1 cup (2 sticks) unsalted butter, melted
  • 1 cup sugar
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 1/2 cup chopped walnuts
  • 1/2 cup chopped pistachios
  • 1/4 cup chopped almonds
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice

Instructions

  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C).
  2. Grease a 9×13 inch baking pan.
  3. In a small bowl, combine the sugar, cinnamon, and nutmeg.
  4. In a separate bowl, combine the walnuts, pistachios, and almonds.
  5. To assemble the baklava, place one sheet of phyllo dough in the prepared pan. Brush the dough with melted butter.
  6. Sprinkle with some of the nut mixture.
  7. Repeat layers, ending with a layer of phyllo dough.
  8. Brush the top layer with melted butter.
  9. Cut the baklava into diamonds or squares.
  10. Bake for 30-35 minutes, or until golden brown.
  11. While the baklava is baking, make the syrup. In a small saucepan, combine the sugar, water, and lemon juice. Bring to a boil over medium heat. Reduce heat to low and simmer for 5 minutes.
  12. Remove the baklava from the oven and pour the syrup over the top.
  13. Let the baklava cool completely before serving.

Tips

  • For a richer flavor, use ghee instead of butter.
  • To make the baklava ahead of time, assemble it and bake it according to the instructions. Then, let it cool completely and store it in an airtight container at room temperature for up to 3 days. Before serving, pour the syrup over the baklava and let it sit for 30 minutes to absorb the syrup.
  • Baklava can also be frozen for up to 2 months. Thaw it overnight in the refrigerator before serving.

Troubleshooting

  • If the baklava is too dry, add more syrup.
  • If the baklava is too wet, bake it for a few more minutes.
  • If the baklava is not golden brown, bake it for a few more minutes.

Nutrition

Baklava is a high-calorie dessert. One serving contains about 300 calories. Baklava is also a good source of protein, fiber, and vitamins A and E.

Conclusion

Baklava is a delicious and decadent dessert that is perfect for any occasion. It is easy to make and can be customized to your own taste. Baklava is also a great way to use up leftover nuts.

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